I have read several articles in the last few days about artichokes, in particular in the New York Times, but also in some of the blogs I read. I’ll give the links to them at the end of this post. My favorite is from my darling Mark Bittman, who did a great video about how to peel and slice and artichoke, and made it look super easy, which of course it is! You can view the video and the accompanying article here, http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/21/magazine/i-heart-artichokes.html?ref=dining. But, I am going to share a seriously simple, very tasty, and easily customizable recipe. I do encourage you to look at the video attached to figure out how to pare an artichoke, or I can give you the real basics here.
Artichokes are actually the flower of the artichoke plant, which is a thistle. The “choke” at the heart of it is actually the flower, and when it blooms, it looks like this:
Isn’t that beautiful? I especially love the little snails clinging to the one in this photo. It reminds me of my Grandfather Lambert’s “snail zoo” which I got to “view” when I was small and visited his house in Ireland. He had what I have to assume was an old wooden egg crate, since my Grandmother had raised chickens for years, and in each of the egg holders, there was a tiny snail. He told me it was his snail zoo, and I of course believed him! I remember my cousin Michael being very excited to show me this little snail farm, but I realize now he was in on the secret, my grandfather was fooling 8 year old me with! I can only imagine Grandpa gathering all 2 dozen snails and putting them in this egg crate for me to just find. Such a sweet memory of the both of them, both have passed now, Michael way too soon, sadly.
So, back to the recipe! Artichokes are a labor intensive bunch. They’re very tough in their older phase, and you have to do a fair deal of prep to cook them. The very young small ones you find this time of year are so tender, you can wash and quarter them and deep fry, or sauté without much other prep, choke and all.
My big secret is acidulated water. Which really just means water with acid in it, usually citrus juice or vinegar. It stops the cut surfaces from getting black. I usually put the acid in the water, then use the cut, juiced citrus to rub the cut surface of the artichoke before I plop the whole lot in the water. My other secret is to remember, green is pretty, but undesirable, and white or cream is desirable. Now, if you decide to cook this baby whole, the prep is much easier. You use a very sharp knife, and cut straight across the lower third of the globe. When I say this I mean the third you should have left includes the stem. Once you make this cut, you can trim the sharp edges of the remaining green outer leaves with a sharp scissor, and that’s about it. You can steam it for about 30 – 40 minutes until a knife is easily instead into the bottom is easily inserted and removed. Once they have cooled it enough to easily handle, you can use a spoon to gently maneuver between the innermost leaves and the heart, and leaver the choke out, scraping the flower heart gently away. You can eat them with vinaigrette, or the California style, mayonnaise, scraping the leaves with your teeth.
This recipe requires slightly more work. You do the cut into the lower third, but with a paring knife, you then peel the green carefully away, until you have nothing left but the choke and the heart. I usually cut this in half, and then use the paring knife scrape and cut out the choke and dip the whole thing in the acidulated water until you’ve pared them all. Once you do that, you can then slice them up and once again dip them into the acidulated water again.
While the slices are sitting there waiting for you, combine 1 cup cold water, 1 cup acid (white wine vinegar, freshly squeezed lemon juice, lime juice or last resort would be white vinegar) in a non-reactive pot. I have added fresh lime leaves, fresh basil, sliced garlic, red paper flakes, oregano, a little salt and a great deal of freshly ground pepper. Add the drained slices of artichoke, and on medium heat, bring it to a boil. Reduce the heat to a simmer and cook for 30 – 35 minutes, the slices will still be tender, but still whitish. At this point, I usually cool the slices in the liquid and either bottle or freeze it. I use the slices in salads, pretty much everything. Tonight I made pizza. The nice thing about this recipe is it’s virtually calorie free, but high in protein. Who woulda thunk it?
Enjoy, and as usual, let me know what you think, and what you make with this recipe!
(Edit: Here are a few of the links I mentioned above: